Aloe vera (Aloe barbadensis, Barbados aloe) is a beautiful plant with spiky, meaty leaves with serrated edges. It’s a succulent from hot, dry climates that holds water in its leaves. It requires little watering, making it a great plant for beginners.
Aloe vera’s sap is used to treat burns, scalds, sunburns, skin irritations, and bug bites. Cut a leaf in half and massage the sap directly on the skin.
The most popular Aloe vera plant is Aloe barbadensis miller. It has lush, succulent leaves with a watery gel within. The leaves feature jagged edges and flexible spines and grow in a rosette from the plant’s base. It matures in three to four years and is a fast-growing succulent plant.
Long stems of prickly blooms in bright colors. Young plants seldom blossom, and aloe cultivated as a houseplant might take years to bloom.
How to Take Care Of an Aloe Plant
Because aloe vera prefers a sandy or gravelly soil, it’s best paired with other succulents that have similar requirements when cultivated outside. Pot aloe individually and use as a focal point to incorporate it into a border planting. Raising the pot to eye level will draw attention to it. Potted aloe thrives on decks and patios, where it may be used to treat burns and bites in an emergency.
Aloe Vera has to be in a bright, indirect light environment: Its delicate skin can be burned by direct sunlight.
Aloe vera plants have big leaves and strong roots that retain water. Too much water in the soil mix causes root rot. That is, they mush!
You should allow your Aloe vera dry up fully before watering it again. I water it well and let it drain. Not in a saucer or tray with water, especially while growing indoors.
In the summer, I water every 7-14 days, depending on weather. Tucson had it weekly, but Santa Barbara has it every two weeks. It will need less water in the winter, maybe once every two months.
Indoors, once a month in the summer and every two months in the winter. I can’t offer you a timetable. The amount of water your Aloe Vera plant needs depends on its size, pot, soil mix, and plant.
An Aloe Vera prefers arid conditions. Plant it in soil that drains properly to provide it this dry habitat. A lot of Perlite and/or sand combined with potting soil is ideal for Aloe Vera. This helps the soil drain faster, as Aloe Vera does not like wet soil.
Aloe Vera is a fantastic plant for rock gardens since it quickly absorbs moisture. Plant your Aloe Vera in Leca or Pumice, which absorb moisture quickly and water your plant slowly. As you can see, there are several methods for keeping Aloe Vera dry.
– Humidity and Temperature
Aloe Vera thrives in temperatures between 55 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit, but will withstand temperatures as low as 40 degrees Fahrenheit. It is unable to withstand cold.
Aloe vera does not require a lot of nutrients in the soil. It should be sufficient to feed once a year, in the spring, with a houseplant fertilizer.
Growing Aloe Vera
Grow aloe in a sunny place. Overwatering kills aloes, so water carefully. Do not water until the compost top a few centimetres has dried out, and do not water at all in winter.
Because terracotta is permeable, it enables the soil to dry between waterings. Make sure it drains. Choose a pot that fits the root ball. Use cactus or house plant compost, or regular multi-purpose compost with horticultural grit or perlite added. You may also add grit to the compost to keep the plant’s base dry and prevent rot by absorbing moisture.
Succulents like Aloe Vera retain water in their leaves. Water them just when the top few centimetres of compost dry out between waterings. Let the water drain completely – don’t let the plant stay in water as this can promote root rot. Winter aloes require little water.
The quickest way to propagate is to remove and divide the offsets or pups (babies) that develop off the mother plant’s base. Wait until the puppies are a reasonable size before removing them since the roots will be much better established this manner.
Although most succulents may be grown from stem and/or leaf cuttings, Aloe vera cannot. The stems and leaves are completely covered in gel, and I’ve never been able to propagate one this way before.
It’s time to prune your aloe vera plant’s outer leaves if they’ve developed brown tips. You can choose to just cut off the afflicted section of the leaf using clean garden scissors, or remove the entire leaf close to the plant’s root. New growth will be encouraged as a result of this. Leaves in the middle should never be trimmed.
Mealybugs, scales, and mites love aloe vera! After spraying the plant with water, wipe away mealybugs with a soft cloth. Spray scales with a solution of 1 tablespoon insecticidal soap, 1 cup isopropyl alcohol, and 1 cup water every three days for 14 days. To protect this plant and your other aloes from mites, prune affected tissue.
The Aloe Vera is a lovely succulent-like cactus that, in addition to being a fantastic beginner-friendly houseplant, offers several health advantages. It’s a low-maintenance plant that flourishes when left alone for a few weeks. It requires a lot of direct sunshine, so keep it near a window. It doesn’t require much watering because it prefers dry soil. It’ll be a happy houseplant if you water it every two weeks or so.