Saxifraga is a colorful bloom of Asian origin. The mature plants have long, skinny runners that eventually bear clusters of spherical leaves. They provide a fascinating display of hairy, crimson leaves when grown inside and allowed to drape over a sill or edge. You may let the leaf runners disperse all over the floor as with outside gardeners. They’ll gladly settle onto a mat of seedlings at the container’s bottom. As the runners expand and the area starts to seem congested, it’s a good time to take cuttings to start new plants, either to share with friends or to use yourself.
This plant’s distribution includes the western and eastern Himalayas, Greenland’s eastern side, the Alps, and the subarctic. Lowland meadows are home to saxifrage, although the plant thrives on rocky embankments, rock fissures, and masonry walls.
Due to the nature of the soil in its preferred growing environments, the roots of this plant tend to be shallow. Only a few little roots protrude from the almost auriculate root structure. Almost all species in this genus have their leaves either at the soil’s surface or gathered in thick rosettes at the base of the plant. Her blossoms stand on single, lengthy stems. They appear in the center of a cluster of leaves. Few flowers form in the racemose inflorescences. Five petalled, radially symmetrical flowers are the norm. It has an exceptionally lengthy blooming span, lasting around three to four weeks.
Saxifrage species differ greatly from one another in terms of appearance. The shrub can thus grow to a height of 2 cm, or it can grow to a full 100 centimeters. Petiolate and long-petiolate leaf forms exist. Either they have rounded corners or deep indentations as many hues as you like can be used to paint a flower. They can be tiny and unassuming, or very enormous and flashy, with vibrant coloration. The petals have a rounded shape and a slender, lanceolate
Brief description of Saxifraga Stolonifera
- Flowering. From late spring to late summer.
- The use of light. Bright diffused light.
- Temperature. Green-leaved varieties prefer 12–14 degrees celsius in the winter, whereas temperatures of 20–25 degrees celsius are ideal for most plants throughout their active growth and winter, respectively.
- Watering. from March through October, watering is regular and adequate, and then it is progressively reduced to a minimum so that the clay lump doesn’t dry out.
- Humidity in the air. The plant benefits from a light misting with room temperature water in the spring and summer.
- Top dressing. It would help if you watered your plants with a dilute mineral fertilizer solution twice monthly from spring through fall and once every six to eight weeks during the winter.
- Rest period. The months of October through April are the winter months.
- Transplant. as the plant’s roots expand to fill the container. Typically, several plants will be grouped in a single container.
- Substrate. sand, peat, humus, and soil from dead leaves, are mixed in equal proportions.
- Propagation. Cuttings.
- Pests. the pests include thrips, mealybugs, and spider mites.
- Diseases. Symptom of rotting roots.
- This plant has been used medicinally for centuries as an antipyretic and anti-inflammatory in traditional cultures around.
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Grow and Care Strawberry Begonia (Saxifraga Stolonifera) Indoor
It can grow both in partial shade and in bright ambient light. Avoid exposure to direct sunlight. Otherwise, the leaves lose their juiciness, becoming lethargic, and the color turns pale. For placement indoors, it is recommended to select windows located in the western or eastern part of the room. It is also possible to grow on a north-facing window, but the variegated forms, in this case, lose their spectacular color.
It requires a temperature of 20–25 degrees Celsius when it is actively growing. If the temperature within the room rises to dangerous levels, the flower should be moved to a cooler location, such as the street, garden, or balcony. They don’t have that option, so they open windows whenever they can.
Saxifrage requires a temperature of 12-15 degrees Fahrenheit during its dormant stage in the winter.
As the top layer of the substrate dries out, watering needs to be done constantly throughout the year. In a cooler area, watering less frequently is appropriate since water evaporates more slowly. There should never be any standing water in the soil, as this is bad for the roots and can lead to rot.
We recommend just using settled soft water at room temperature for watering.
It requires little in the way of humidity control and may be enjoyed even in an apartment, but only during the winter. The plant’s foliage should be systematically sprayed with soft, tepid water, and it should be moved away from the heaters if it is to spend the winter in a warm environment. When temperatures soar, spraying becomes even more important.
The ideal soil has a neutral pH, is permeable to air and water, and contains a low to medium concentration of nutrients. Saxifrage is the only plant whose cotyledon requires acidic soil. Making an earthen combination that is good for other species is a breeze. One part leafy soil, two parts clay-turf soil, and one half part coarse sand will do the trick. A tiny expanded clay or gravel should also be added to the mixture, making up about a fifth of the overall volume.
Wide, low pots are ideal for growing saxifrage. Because sockets’ roots are so tiny and take up so little room, you can plant multiple of them in a single pot. Have a good drainage layer to assist stop water from pooling in the soil.
There is a wide variety of granulated, slow-release, liquid feed, organic, and synthetic fertilizers available on the market today. Determine which method of application will be most effective for the circumstance, and choose a product that has a nutritional balance that is developed for plants with leaves.
Because an excess of fertilizer can be harmful to plants, it is essential to carefully follow the instructions provided on the packaging when determining how much fertilizer to apply and how frequently to do so.
Container plants benefit greatly from the use of slow-release fertilizers, which are also an excellent, hassle-free option. Always be sure to follow the instructions on the product for the correct time and application rates.
Take away the flowers as they lose their color. This helps the plant maintain its clean appearance and, depending on the species of plant, it may also promote the production of additional flowers. Many blooming plants, once they have finished flowering, make lovely houseplants. Be sure to trim the vegetation so that it stays the appropriate size and form. An occasional pruning not only decreases the pressure on the plant to produce a more extensive root system, but also stimulates the growth of additional side shoots and flowers on the plant. This is significant since the roots are contained inside a small region.
Transplanted when necessary, as a rule, if the bush grows strongly and does not fit in the pot.
Can be propagated by seeds, as well as daughter rosettes. In this case, sockets can be immediately planted in a permanent pot.
Pests and diseases
Spider mites, mealybugs, as well as thrips can settle. In case of infection, treatment with insecticides (fit over, actellik) is recommended.
Plant rots of various types can result from improper maintenance. Causes include but are not limited to, overflow and chilly air with high humidity. If the root system fails, the remaining healthy portion of the stem can be rooted once more. It needs to be decontaminated of decaying matter and treated with fungicides before this can be accomplished.
READ: What’s Causing the Drooping of My Aglaonema (Chinese Evergreen)?
Types of saxifrage
Saxifrages are commonly grown in alpine slides and rockeries in parks and gardens. The good news is that there are species that are manageable in a home garden. Consequently, the following describes these categories.
– Saxifraga sarmentosa
This famous species of saxifrage, Saxifraga sarmentosa, is also known as the shoot-bearing or offspring saxifrage because of the fact that it produces offsets. Natural instances of this species can be spotted in both Japan and China. A thick rosette of leaves forms this perennial plant. The leaves have long petioles and fine hairiness. The bush can grow to be between 20 and 50 centimeters tall and as wide.
The leaf is heart-shaped at its base and features a broad, rounded border. It has a diameter of about 7–10 centimeters. The correct side is a burgundy green, whereas the front is dark green with distinct pale bands of veins. Small daughter rosettes are present on the tips of the peduncles and petioles, as well as the thin long shoots-stolons that are air layering “mustaches.” Stolons on saxifrage that develops in an imperious fashion can be as long as 60 to 100 centimeters. Every single kid socket can support its own set of stolons.
May to August is the flowering period for this plant. The little blooms aren’t very attractive, but they do have a distinctive calyx that’s totally asymmetrical. Therefore, the three little petals up top are ovoids with a tapered apex. They have a pink base color with tiny burgundy patches all over their bodies. Two larger, white-painted petals can be seen below. Their sizes frequently shift.
– Saxifraga cotyledon
The Alps are a beautiful place to organize a meeting in the great outdoors. All other saxifrages pale in comparison to this one (both during the flowering period and at the usual time). Its dense rosette of leaves is reminiscent of succulents like echeveria. Leaves are petiolate and reed- or obovate-shaped, with thick green color. They can grow to a length of approximately 10 centimeters and a width of about 2 cm. The leaf’s own thick, whitish calcareous coating covers the sharply serrated edges.
The glossy leaflet has a light layer of limescale on its surface. In May or June, flowers will start to bloom. At this stage, a bushy, multi-branched peduncle emerges from the rosette’s center, supporting a pyramidal cluster of flowers. This group is several times as large as the leaf rosette itself. Approximate measurements would be 60 centimeters in length and 40 cm in width.
This bouquet of flowers is uniquely designed in the form of a normal star and painted in a soft pinkish-white hue. Nonetheless, today you can get types with blooms of various hues.
– Saxifraga arendsii
In addition to its complexity, this hybrid species also features a wide range of subspecies. The glossy, lobed leaflets are severely cut and nearly petiolate. Small leaf sockets are constructed from them. With continued growth, the plant eventually forms extremely dense thickets, resembling moss in appearance. Because of this, “mossy saxifrage” is a common alternative name for this plant among regular folks.
Few-flowered inflorescences typically feature several large, correctly shaped blooms. The petals are roughly oval and come in a rainbow of colors, from yellow and white to pink and purple to reds of varying intensity. The flowers can range in color from one variation to the next.
This plant, which prefers to grow in areas with a fairly harsh climate, feels quite good in room conditions. However, for its successful cultivation, you should still pay attention to some points.
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– Saxifraga Highlander Red Shades
Saxifraga ‘Highlander Red Shades’ is a low-growing perennial that produces a dense cushion of small, emerald green, lobed leaves. It is also a free-flowering variety of the genus Saxifraga. A bevy of dainty flowers ranging in color from deep pink to red, each with a greenish-yellow center, provide a breathtaking show early in the spring all the way through late spring on fine, straight stems that rise above the leaves. This attractive saxifrage is ideal for use at the front of borders or in rock gardens because of its compact nature.
– Saxifraga longifolia (Encrusted Saxifrage)
Saxifraga longifolia, also known as Encrusted Saxifrage, is a mat-forming evergreen perennial that produces a large, perfect, and very attractive rosette of linear, green in color, lime-encrusted leaves that are 10 centimeters long (4 inches) and have silvery edges. It is considered to be one of the most awesome of all Saxifrages.
After three to four years, it will generate a flowering stem that is two feet high (60 centimeters) and will form a fountain of many spherical white flowers that are occasionally speckled with red during the late spring and summer seasons.
The Encrusted Saxifrage is a monocarpic plant, meaning it only produces a single flower before dying. However, it is quite simple to grow from seed, and once it is content, it will even sow its own. Large rosettes produced by this plant may, to say the least, be quite gorgeous, and the plants themselves are fantastic topics for rock gardens and containers.
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– Saxifraga oppositifolia (Purple Mountain Saxifrage)
Saxifraga oppositifolia, also known as Purple Mountain Saxifrage, is a mat-forming, evergreen perennial that produces a dense carpet of small, overlapping, dark green foliage. This plant is frequently used in alpine gardens. Bright maroon or purple flowers, about 1 in. (2.5 cm) wide, ornamented with reddish-orange anthers are borne slightly above the leaves in the springtime.
This species is particularly gratifying for the gardener as it is simple to cultivate from seed and cuttings, and it also strikes well. Its stunning floral compositions make it an ideal topic for rock gardens and flowers.
– Lifelong Saxifrage (Saxifraga paniculata)
Saxifraga paniculata, also known as Lifelong Saxifrage, is an evergreen perennial that is known for its extreme durability and long lifespan. It produces a slowly growing mat of incurved rosettes with spatulate leaves that have teeth that point forward and silvery encrustations along the edges.
The color of the leaf ranges from a green yellow-green to a deeper, more emerald-like green. In the late spring or early summer, every rosette will send up a single blooming stalk that will be 12 inches (30 cm) tall and will contain many cup-shaped flowers. The hue of the flowers can range from white to creamy white, pink to yellow, and occasionally even yellow with purple spots.
In addition to being simple to cultivate, Lifelong Saxifrage is resistant to disease, produces many flowers, and has evergreen rosettes that are stunningly accentuated by frost in the winter. It is a superb topic for rock gardens and containers because of its extreme attractiveness.