What is Homesteading?
The word “homesteading” was first used in the homesteading Act of 1862. As a result of this law, many people moved westward to settle in the Great Western Land. These days, homesteading is less about physically settling down on a plot of land and more about developing a philosophy and lifestyle that promotes independence from other sources. Learning how to grow crops, store food, minimize waste, reduce energy use, and tend to livestock like hens and bees are all part of self-sufficiency.
The primary goal of most homesteaders is to derive as much subsistence as possible from the land. Hence there is no hard and fast rule about the size of a homestead garden. But if you’ve never grown anything, it’s best to start with something simpler than one of these elaborate garden designs. If you want to learn how to garden, it’s better to start with a small plot and go up from there.
While raised beds are rising, most homestead gardens still employ the tried and true method of planting crops in rows dug directly into the ground. It’s also worth noting that many of the vegetables grown in a homestead garden are high-yield crops that can be stored for later use.
Planning and designing a Homestead backyard farm? Here are a few things to bear in mind.
- Learning about the animal and gardening animals in your area is crucial if you plan to live there. In many places, regulations limit the sorts and numbers of animals that can be kept and the required distance between dwellings. There are lots of places that don’t let you have a garden out front. Since our area falls under the “rural residential” category, we are permitted to keep a certain number of chickens per acre, provided that we live them at least 30 feet from any of our neighbors. Search Google or contact your city hall to learn more about your area and state/province regulations.
- It’s crucial to consider how much sunlight your garden will get when designing a homestead garden. Most plants, like tomatoes and corn, need eight hours of sunlight daily. Some plants, like root crops and dark-leaved greens, may survive on fewer sunlight hours. However, research indicates that eight hours of sleep is the sweet spot. Check out which outbuildings are in the shade at different times of the day, year, and month by watching the sunlight’s path across the sky. Make sure that any structures, such as chicken coops, that you build won’t cast shadows on the area where you plan to plant your garden. You’ll also need to choose between a large and a little garden to determine your required garden.
- What kinds of farm animals do you hope to raise on your property? Just what do they need, exactly? Do you need to construct brand-new buildings for them to live in? Do you need a sanitized milking area and a separate structure for storing hay and other feed? Another factor to think about is the size of your buildings. If you want to raise hens for eggs, you might start with 10 birds and eventually expand to thirty, at which point you’ll need a bigger coop.
- A tall and robust fence is necessary to keep out larger animals like bears and elk. If you live as a city dweller, you could find it necessary to build rodent-proof garden beds. Most animals require a sizable fence to corral or safeguard gardens, increasing annual upkeep expenses.
- Although initially investing in tree and shrub planting may seem like a waste of money, the investment will pay for trees in the future. They need to be planted in an area where they won’t block the sun from other yard sections. Almost all trees will have sufficient room for human beings to walk under and around them. Don’t forget that dwarf and semi-dwarf kinds of many fruit trees exist, requiring much less area than their standard-sized counterparts. Any tree stumps that may occur on your homestead can be eradicated by cutting them down and preventing their regrowth.
- One of the most distinguishing animals of this style is its emphasis on the union of zoology and botany. You’re trying to force your animals to work for you. Chickens not only assist clean up fruit in orchards and make composting easier. When new areas need to be cleared for planting, pigs and goats are two useful animals to use. We hope to plant a permaculture food forest around our hen house. You should read several great books on the subject to learn more about implementing permaculture on your homestead.
Homestead Garden and Farm Layout Ideas
Homestead Garden Layout
Edible Garden Design
Those living in warmer climates would find this style an appropriate layout option. Having your citrus trees and pomegranate plants to cultivate is a part of it. However, this also involves the cultivation of one’s fruits, vegetables, and nuts. It appears that this design is not just handy but also interesting enough to warrant further investigation.
2013: Homestead Garden
The Designer Micro Layout
Let me be the first to say that I don’t blame you if you want your homestead to be functional and stunning. If this describes you, let me be the first to say that I don’t blame you.
However, with all that in mind, you might want to look into the homestead layout I have here. It does not include the rearing of animals; however, it does include the cultivation of fresh fruits and vegetables. Additionally, it demonstrates where you should plant the decorative plants you would like to retain around for the sake of decoration.
Do you appreciate the thought of being completely independent of other people? This format was designed specifically with you in mind to tell you the truth. It has all the necessary location information for cultivating your food and excellent features for day-to-day living.
However, in addition to that, it provides a blueprint for the water system that you will use on your homestead. This is a fantastic method that can assist in being self-sufficient, and the fact that it is incorporated on a more manageable scale is a huge plus.
Hip Chick Digs Homestead Plan
1-Acre Dreamin’ Layout
This particular pattern was the one that initially persuaded me that I could farm well on a smaller piece of land. It was published by Mother Earth News, which is not surprising given how much I enjoy reading their magazine, but the advice contained in this article is adaptable to any plot of land. In addition to that, it is a fully operational homestead.